When we are talking about Islamic architecture, we know for sure that will be magnificent and at the same time is staggeringly rich. Here’s the list of a few of the most beautiful Mosques around the world and they are not located just in Islamic traditions.
Great Mosque of Paris (France)
The Grande Mosquée de Paris (commonly known as The Paris Mosque or The Great Mosque of Paris in English), is located in the 5th arrondissement and is one of the largest mosques in France. The mosque was built following the Neo-Mudejar style, and its minaret is 33 m high.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque (Isfahan, Iran)
It is one of the architectural masterpieces of Iranian architecture that was built during the Safavid Empire, standing on the eastern side of Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Esfahan, Iran. Construction of the mosque started in 1603 and was finished in 1619. It was built by the chief architect Shaykh Bahai.
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Dome of the Rock (Jerusalem)
It was initially completed in 691 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna, built on the site of the Roman temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, which had in turn been built on the site of the Second Jewish Temple, destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE. The original dome collapsed in 1015 and was rebuilt in 1022–23. The Dome of the Rock is in its core one of the oldest extant works of Islamic architecture.
Qarawiyyin Mosque (Fes, Morocco)
For over 1200 years, the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque (or al-Karaouine) has been one of the leading spiritual and educational centers of the Muslim World. With a history dating back to the 9th century, this mosque and university have been the selected congregation space for various Muslim saints and scholars throughout the centuries.
Masjid-i Nasir al-Mulk (Shiraz, Iran)
From the outside, the Nasir al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz, Iran, seems like a fairly traditional house of worship — but it’s hiding a gorgeously colorful secret. The multitude of stained glass windows turn the inside of the mosque into a riotous wonderland of color that is absolutely breath-taking. It’s also known as the “Pink Mosque” for the rose-colored tiles that cover the interior. However, picking out just one color doesn’t do justice to the plethora of hues that decorate it.
Heart of Chechnya (Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque) (Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia)
The Heart of Chechnya mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world. Opened October 17, 2008, and named after Akhmad Kadyrov, the mufti of the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the first president of the Republic of Chechnya. The mosque is located on the picturesque bank of the Sunzha River in the middle of a huge park (14 hectares) and is part of the Islamic architectural complex, which, in addition to the mosque, consists of Russian Islamic University, Kunta-Haji, and the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of the Republic of Chechnya.
Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan Mosque (Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.)
The mosque was built on a platform nine meters above ground level at the main entrance of Abu Dhabi. The general plan is a classical hypostyle originally modeled from Moroccan mosques, combined with domed Ottoman mosque architecture. It consists of a large prayer hall, two small prayer rooms, one for daily prayers and another for female worshippers.
Tilla Kari Mosque and Madrasa (Samarkand, Uzbekistan)
The Tilla Kari madrasa was conceived as the last, largest and most embellished structure of the famed Registan Square. It’s name means “gold-covered“, referring to the lavish gilt decoration of its mosque’s domed chamber. Yalantush defined the northern edge of the Registan Square with the Tilla Kari’s 120 meter-long façade, relieving the square’s oppressive symmetry with the off-axis placement of its preponderant dome. The composition is strengthened with the use of domed corner minarets on the main elevation that harmonizes with the square’s character and scale.
Bibi-Heybat Mosque (Baku, Azerbaijan)
The existing structure, built in the 1990s, is a recreation of the mosque with the same name built in the 13th century by Shirvanshah Farrukhzad II Ibn Ahsitan II, which was completely destroyed by the Bolsheviks in 1936. The Bibi-Heybat Mosque includes the tomb of Ukeyma Khanum (a descendant of Muhammad), and today is the spiritual center for the Muslims of the region and one of the major monuments of Islamic architecture in Azerbaijan.
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